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All About Skin Types: What They Are and How to Care for Yours

You’ve heard every beauty guru, skincare expert, and maybe even your best friend talk about skin type and how it plays a role in how you should care for your skin. 

There’s a lot of lore surrounding the topic of skin types. The main skin type categories we can all agree upon in the skincare community are: 

  • Normal 
  • Dry
  • Combination 
  • Oily
  • Acneic
  • Sensitive

Of course, there are other factors that can affect the skin as well. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the telltale signs of each skin type, as well as ingredient and product recommendations for each. 

AesthetiCare of Lawrence is a leader in the aesthetics industry. We strive to help our clients in the Lawrence area look good and feel spectacular. We offer many skin treatments and products to help you, whatever your skin concerns may be! Keep reading to learn how to care for all skin types and other skin conditions.

woman with dry skin type exfoliating

Normal Skin Type

A normal skin type is characterized by skin that is neither dry or oily. You don’t feel any itchy or flakiness, and you also don’t have oil on your forehead or other common areas. You typically don’t have many breakouts.

Normal skin type traits:

  • Smooth surface texture
  • Smaller pores
  • Minimal or no breakouts
  • No blemishes
  • No sensitivity

How to Care For a Normal Skin Type

Since your skin itself isn’t fussy, you don’t have to fuss over an elaborate skincare routine. You should follow the basic skincare routine for all skin types later on in this post!

Essentially, cleanse every day, apply a serum,  moisturize, and use sunscreen. You can also choose to boost your skin even more with masks or facial treatments, and through a healthy lifestyle and diet (such as staying hydrated and eating skin-enhancing foods).

Dry Skin Type

A dry skin type often feels tight and irritated. You don’t naturally produce enough oil for your skin to feel balanced and hydrated. 

Dry skin type traits:

  • Skin often flakes 
  • Skin texture feels rough or tight
  • Itchy skin
  • Small pores

For dry skin types, it’s all about hydration and giving your skin the moisture it craves. Your routine should reflect this, so go for moisturizing cleansers or cleansing oils to soothe and hydrate your skin. Before moisturizing, it’s also a good idea to use a hydrating or anti aging serum as an added step for hydration. Dehydrated skin can age (wrinkle) prematurely!

You can also try to replenish hydration through drinking more water, skipping long hot showers, and other things that pull moisture from your skin.

Combination Skin Type

Combination skin has the best of both worlds: dry flakes and oil overproduction 😃 Sarcasm aside, this is a very common skin type. Usually those with combination skin have dryness on the cheek area and oil on the nose and forehead (T-zone), or chin. 

Combination skin type traits:

  • Oily in specific places but not in others, such as the forehead
  • Dry areas with no breakouts
  • Breakouts on forehead, chin, and areas prone to oil

Use a gentle cleanser that takes care of your dry skin while fighting off oil in other areas. We also recommend that you gently exfoliate to remove oil and skin cell buildup 1-3 times a week. Products with chemical exfoliant ingredients (instead of physical abrasive exfoliants) are much more gentle and effective for the skin. Look for exfoliant products with ingredients like glycolic and salicylic acid. 

Oily Skin Type

The overproduction of oil (sebum) on the face is the hallmark of an oily skin type. You may experience the most oil on the forehead and nose (the T-zone), and may also be more prone to breakouts. 

Oily skin type traits:

  • Enlarged pores
  • Breakouts
  • Skin appears to be shiny or “greasy” 

While all skin types can get breakouts, oily skin types are more susceptible to them. One of the biggest misconceptions about oily skin is that you don’t need to moisturize since you naturally produce a lot of oil. You should still moisturize your skin to help balance its hydration levels. Dehydration means your skin lacks water, not oil! You may also consider cleansing your face twice a day to keep oil in check. 

Other Skin Conditions

Acne Prone Skin

Acne can happen to dry, oily, and combination skin types. One of the best ways to treat and alleviate your acne is with a skincare regimen designed specifically to treat acne. 

A good acne skincare system will have medical grade and active ingredients. A cleanser with salicylic acid, acne-fighting gel, serum, moisturizer, and an acne spot treatment are all great products to have in your regimen.

The Best Acne Facials in Lawrence, KS

Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin types can react negatively to certain skincare products. Your skin may have uneven surface texture, feel itchy after wearing certain fabrics, and is generally reactive to its environment. Try to find products that include calming ingredients or are specifically formulated for sensitive skin.

The thing to keep in mind with sensitive skin is that certain ingredients may cause you to react. It’s best to pay attention to what your skin likes and doesn’t like, and find your products with this in mind. 

Ingredients like added fragrance can cause sensitive skin to react. You can conduct a patch test with any new product, and try to keep your skincare routine as simple as possible. 

Aging Skin

As our skin ages, it becomes different in terms of what it needs from skincare. There are many anti-aging remedies to practice. First, be gentle with your skin. Tugging, pulling, harsh irritants and ingredients, and sun exposure can all cause premature aging. 

Exfoliating can get rid of dead skin cells and create a more youthful skin appearance. You may also want to add an eye product to ward off fine lines and wrinkles on this sensitive delicate skin that is 40% thinner than the rest of the skin on your face. 

An overnight moisturizer or more hydrating cream is also a must for an anti-aging regimen. You’ll want ingredients that encourage skin cell turnover, such as a retinoid and lactic acid. This helps to lessen fine lines and wrinkles and significantly improve the appearance of your skin!

The Ultimate Guide to Skin Care, by a Skincare Specialist

Rosacea

Rosacea can make your skin feel more irritated, similar to sensitive skin. Being gentle with your skin, choosing rosacea-friendly products, and protecting your skin from the sun can all help!

Rosacea-friendly products contain skin soothing ingredients such as green tea. There are also tone correcting serums, gentle cleansers, and antioxidant serums. It’s best to patch test new skincare products before applying them to your whole face, and pay attention to any products that cause irritation.

Basic Skincare Routine for All Skin Types

No matter your skin type or concerns, there are basic skincare steps that everyone should follow. 

Cleanse and Remove Makeup Before Bed

Depending on your routine and skin type, you may choose to also cleanse in the morning. At the bare minimum, you should cleanse your skin before bed to get rid of any impurities your skin may have come into contact with throughout the day. 

If you wear makeup, this step is essential since sleeping with makeup on is known to be bad for your skin. It can trap dirt and pollutants in the pores, cause breakouts and premature aging. If you’ve cleansed thoroughly at night, a simple cleanse in the a.m. followed by an SPF and moisturizer is a must! 

Nourish

After cleansing, using a morning and evening eye cream and serum is a plus! Your skincare expert will choose those that are appropriate for your skin.

Use a Moisturizer

Proper use of an appropriate moisturizer is always applied after your eye cream and serums to help hydrate the skin. One of the tenets of good skin care is keeping your skin moisturized to prevent signs of aging! A good moisturizer will combat any tightness and leave your skin feeling plump and hydrated. 

Wear SPF

You saw this coming, right? The sun’s UV rays can cause major skin damage, so you must protect your skin! This is one of the BEST ways to fight signs of aging and ward off skin cancer. Many experts recommend daily sunscreen even if you don’t plan on being outside, since UV light can penetrate car and building windows. Daily use of a broad spectrum SPF is essential every day, all year round. YES- even in the winter!

woman wearing sunscreen to protect her skin type

AesthetiCare of Lawrence carries all types of sunscreens to cater to everyone’s needs! Below are some of our favorites, or you can shop our full selection of SPF on our site!

No matter your skin type, you can’t go wrong with these four skincare steps!

Skin Treatments for All Skin Tones and Types

Consult With the Skincare Experts at AesthetiCare of Lawrence

Not sure which products and treatments will best suit your skin type? Schedule a free consultation with a skin expert at AesthetiCare of Lawrence! We love all things skin, and we’ll work with you to create a customized treatment plan tailored to your concerns and needs. Whether you just want to find the right products for you, or you want to have professional skin treatments, such as facials or resurfacing or procedures, such as laser, we’ve got you covered!

Virtual Consultation Schedule a Free Consultation

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